“O”, “P” Acronyms for the Sharp MFP

OCR (Optical Character Recognition): Software designed to translate text images into machine editable text.


OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer): A company that makes products for other companies to repackage and sell.


OAuth: An open source standard for service delegation. Designed specifically to work with Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), OAuth essentially allows access tokens to be issued to third-party clients by an authorization server, with the approval of the resource owner. The third party then uses the access token to access the protected resources hosted by the resource server.


Order: Any type of encumbrance document or commitment voucher, including, but not limited to, a purchase order, contract, MPS statement of work, maintenance agreement, lease agreement, rental agreement, etc.


Sharp OSA (Open Systems Architecture): A software development platform for Sharp MFPs. It is based on industry standard Web-services/Web API technology and delivers integrated and customized interfaces which help streamline your business processes.



PCL (Printer Command Language): Developed by HP for Windows printing, PCL has traditionally been thought of as a lower end printing solution used primarily for office documents.


PCS (Profile Connection Space): The device-independent color space defined by the ICC that is large enough to include all the color gamuts of different input, display and output devices.


PDF (Portable Document Format): A proprietary document file format created by Adobe.


PDL (Page Description Language): The general term used to describe any software language designed specifically to tell printers how to draw marks on a piece of paper. PostScript and PCL are the two most popular PDLs.


Piggybacking: Awarded contracts which may include an option for other organizations to “ride” or “bridge” the contract as awarded.


PIN (Personal Identification Number): A secret numeric password shared between a user and a system that can be used to authenticate the user to the system.


PJL (Printer Job Language): Commands developed by HP to control printer/MFP functionality at the job level and define status communication between the printer/MFP and the host computer.


PM (Preventative Maintenance): Helps assess the potential for future problems and corrects possible issues before major breakdowns can occur.


POD (Print on Demand): Printing on a per-needed basis.


POP3 (Post Office Protocol): An application to retrieve email from a remote server over a TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) connection.


PostScript: A PDL (page description language) developed by Adobe Inc. Macintosh systems only print using PostScript. PostScript is generally characterized as being an upper end, higher quality language than PCL.


Post Sheet Inserter: An add-on accessory for a copier or printer that provides the ability to insert a document after the fuser. Since the fuser is hot and tends to pull off toner from previously printed documents, interposers are used to insert these types of documents into a finished set without sending them through the copier or printer.


Power Filter: An electronic filter which is placed between an external power line and a device for the purpose of removing frequencies or electromagnetic interference.


PPM (Pages Per Minute): Maximum number of letter-size (or A4-size) pages of text generated by a printer in one minute after allowing for printer warm up or configuration time.


PRD (Product Requirements Document): Written by a company that defines a product they are making, or the requirements for one or more new features for an existing product.


Preventative Maintenance: The servicing of a device for the purpose of maintaining a satisfactory operating condition by providing systematic inspection, detection and correction of failures either before they occur or before they develop into major defects.


Print Controller: The print controller generally refers to the RIP (raster image processor) and the NIC (network interface card). The print controller is responsible for making a copier into a printer.


Private Label: Products that are manufactured by one company and sold under a retailer’s brand name.


Product: Devices, accessories, parts, software, and/or supplies provided or created by the Awarded Vendor pursuant to the master agreement.


Production Equipment: A high-speed, high-quality printing device that typically has advanced finishing functionality.


Proposal: The official written response submitted by an Offeror in response to a RFP.


Proprietary Information: Any trade secret or confidential business information that is contained in a proposal.


Proximity Card: A “contactless” smart ID card which can be read without inserting it into a reader device.


Public Record: All books and public records of a governmental entity, the contents of which are not otherwise declared by law to be confidential must be open to inspection by any person and may be fully copied or an abstract or memorandum may be prepared from those public books and public records.

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